Key stopover papers

These papers were selected from among the Huge Stopover Bibliography to include studies of each of the bird groups (landbirds, shorebirds, and waterfowl) that (1) may be generally applicable throughout the Great Lakes region, and (2) that have been done in different parts of the Great Lakes basin. Many other papers cited in the bibliography complement the papers noted below, including detailed site-specific information that will be useful for implementing on the ground conservation strategies. Hover over the title to get a brief description of the article.

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Stopover bibliography

Download stopover bibliography here.

This bibliography lists more than 1,200 scientific papers on stopover sites for songbirds, waterfowl, and shorebirds. Papers referencing related topics, such as connectivity between wintering and breeding areas of various species, are also included. Search the titles for particular topics or geographic regions of interest. The bibliography will be updated periodically.

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Additional Resources

These span species-specific biology, general info on bird migration, conservation issues and topics that overlap with bird conservation, and spatial data that you might want to use in conjunction with the data available on our Map page. Please use this additional information to contextualize and help interpret our stopover habitat model (see Downloads page for our report, metadata, etc) and the maps.

If we’ve missed something on this list, please feel free to send us suggestions

Regional partners in migratory bird conservation and research (arranged by state):
National-scale information and data on bird migration
Collaborative efforts to protect birds (regional, national, international)
Bird life histories and biology
National/International organizations that focus on protecting birds (for local Great Lakes branches see Regional Partners section)
Wind Energy (national, regional, state)
Broad natural resource plans and other spatial data you may find useful:
New York:


The Upper Midwest and Great Lakes Landscape Conservation Cooperative of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service supported development of this application. TNC collaborated with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the University of Southern Mississippi, many conservation organizations, universities, and corporations to model stopover habitat and create this web portal.